Kloeckl, Kristian. The Urban Improvise. Improvisation-Based Design for Hybrid Cities. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2020.

edited volumes

Kloeckl, K., Weigner, R., & Vo, A. (2022). Experience Design for The Presidents Trail – Proposals for an Inclusive Experience Along a Thematic Urban Trail. Boston: Northeastern University.

Shiles, Bryan, Kristian Kloeckl, Hattie Stroud, Molly Thomas, and Daniel Johnson, eds. Workplace + Public Realm Palo Alto, Boston, San Francisco: Stanford University, Northeastern University, WRNS Studio, 2017.

Howe, C., T-Y. Ching, S. Taketani Richter, M. M. Xia, J. Ocampo, A. Biderman, K. Kloeckl, D. Lee, A. Vanky, D. Frenchman, and C. Ratti. Senseable City Guide to Cape Town. Cambridge, MA: SA+P Press, 2013.

Kloeckl, Kristian, Maddalena Mometti, and Simone Bellan. Design, Packaging and Agricultural Products. Design Research and New Technologies for Agricultural Food Packaging. Venezia: Università Iuav di Venezia, 2010.

Rojas, Francisca, Clelia Caldesi Valeri, Kristian Kloeckl, and Carlo Ratti. New York Talk Exchange. Cambridge, MA: SA+P Press, 2008.

Book Chapters

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Global Networks and Hybrid Cities,” In The Sociology of Globalization, edited by Christian Karner and Dirk Hofäcker, 60–71. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Open Works for the Urban Improvise,” In Cybernetics: State of the Art, edited by Liss C. Werner, 150–65. Berlin: Technical University Berlin Publishers, 2017.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “The City as a Digital Public Space – Notes for the Design of Live Urban Data Platforms,” In Decoding the City: Urbanism in the Age of Big Data, edited by Dietmar Offenhuber, and Carlo Ratti, 82–95. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2014.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Live Singapore! Die Stadt Als Digitaler Öffentlicher Raum,” In Die Stadt Entschlüsseln: Wie Echtzeitdaten Den Urbanismus Verändern (Bauwelt Fundamente), edited by Dietmar Offenhuber, and Carlo Ratti, 86–102. Birkhäuser, 2013.

Roche, Stéphane, Nashid Nabian, Kristian Kloeckl, and Carlo Ratti. “Are ‘Smart Cities’ Smart Enough?,” In Spatially Enabling Government, Industry and Citizens: Research and Development Perspectives, edited by Abbas Rajabifard, and David Coleman, 215–35. GSDI Association Press, 2012.

Kloeckl, Kristian, and Carlo Ratti. “Enacting the Real-Time City,” In Proceedings of Futur En Seine 2009 : The Digital Future of the City, edited by Ewen Chardronnet, 72–84. Cap Digital, 2011.

Offenhuber, Dietmar, David Lee, M Wolf, Lewis Girod, A Boustani, Jennifer Dunham, Kristian Kloeckl, Eugenio Morello, Rex Britter, Assaf Biderman, and Carlo Ratti. “Urban Digestive Systems,” In Towards the Sentient City. Sentient City: Ubiquitous Computing, Architecture, and the Future of Urban Space, edited by Mark Shepard, 90–109. Cambridge (MA): MIT Press, 2011.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Changing Connections. The Role of Connections in Products Between Traditional and New Technologies,” In Multiple Ways to Design Research, edited by Swiss Design Network, 294–318. Milano: et al./Edizioni, 2009.

Calabrese, Francesco, Kristian Kloeckl, and Carlo Ratti. “Wikicity: Real-Time Location-Sensitive Tools for the City,” In Urban Informatics: Community Integration and Implementation, edited by Markus Foth, 389–413. Hershey: IGI Global, 2008.

Articles (peer-reviewed)

Zolotas, M., Luo, R., Bazzi, S., Saha, D., Mabulu, K., Kloeckl, K. et al. (2024). Imposing Motion Variability for Ergonomic Human-Robot Collaboration. IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors, 1-12.

Kloeckl, K. (2023). The Creative Potential of Productive Inconvenience as a Design Approach. Proceedings from 7 Experiences Summit 2023, Auckland, New Zealand.

Zolotas, M., Luo, R., Bazzi, S., Saha, D., Mabulu, K., Kloeckl, K. et al. (2022). Productive Inconvenience: Facilitating Posture Variability by Stimulating Robot-to-Human Handovers. Proceedings from 31st IEEE International Conference on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN).

Kloeckl, Kristian. “The Urban Improvise.” Design Issues 33, no. 4 (2017): 44–58.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “An Improvisation Based Framework for Interactive Urban Environments,” In Distributed, Ambient and Pervasive Interactions: 4th International Conference, edited by Streitz N., and Markopoulos P., 439–49. Springer, 2016.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Tool Theory and the Urban Data Medium: Data Driven Visual Tools for Urban Energy.” IEEE International Smart Cities Conference (2015): 1–6.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Technology Mediation and Visualizing Urban Energy Data.” Hybrid City 2015: Data to the People. Eds. I. Theona, and D. Charitos. Data to the people Athens: URIAC, 2015. 125-32.

Nagel, Till, Martina Maitan, Erik Duval, Andrew Vande Moere, Joris Klerkx, Kristian Kloeckl, and Carlo Ratti. “Touching Transport – a Case Study on Visualizing Metropolitan Public Transit on Interactive Tabletops.” 2014 International Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (2014): 281–88.

Nagel, T., E. Duval, A. Vande Moere, K. Kloeckl, and C. Ratti. “Sankey Arcs – Visualizing Edge Weights in Path Graphs.” The Eurographics Conference on Visualization (2012): 55–59.

Kloeckl, Kristian, Oliver Senn, and Carlo Ratti. “Enabling the Real-Time City: Live Singapore!” Journal of Urban Technology 19, no. 2 (2012): 89–112.

Kloeckl, Kristian, Giusy Di Lorenzo, Oliver Senn, and Carlo Ratti. “Live Singapore! – an Urban Platform for Real-Time Data to Program the City.” 12th International Conference on Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management (2011): 1-18

Rojas, Francisca, Kristian Kloeckl, and Carlo Ratti. “Dynamic City. Investigations Into the Sensing, Analysis and Application of Real-Time, Location-Based Data.” First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? (2008): 267–78.

Calabrese, Francesco, Kristian Kloeckl, and Carlo Ratti. “Wikicity: Real-Time Location-Sensitive Tools for the City.” 10th International Conference on Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management (2007).

Calabrese, Francesco, Kristian Kloeckl, and Carlo Ratti. “Wikicity: Real-Time Location-Sensitive Tools for the City.” IEEE Pervasive Computing, Mobile and Ubiqui- tous Systems 6, no. 3 (2007): 52–53.
Ratti, Carlo, Francesco Calabrese, and Kristian Kloeckl. “Wikicity: Connecting the Tangible and the Virtual Realm of the City.” GEO Informatics 10, no. 8 (2007): 42–45.

Articles (non peer-reviewed)

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Urban Office. Research At the Intersection of Workplace and Public Life.” Design Museum Magazine 003 (2017): 22–25.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Superlux: Smart Light Art, Design and Architecture for Cities.” Journal of Architectural Education 70, no. 1 (2016): 175–77. (Book Review)

Holleczek, Thomas, Liang Yu, Joseph K. Lee, Oliver Senn, Kristian Kloeckl, Carlo Ratti, and Patrick Jaillet. “Digital Breadcrumbs: Detecting Urban Mobility Patterns and Transport Mode Choices From Cellphone Networks.” CoRR abs/1308.6705 (2013)

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Esplorazioni Su Piccolissima Scala.” Disegno Industriale 7, no. 38 (2009): 54–59.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “MIT: Un Luogo Che Fa La Differenza.” Disegno Industriale 24-25 (2007): 94–99.

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Smart Technologies Between Tradition and the Future.” Disegno Industriale 16 (2005): 88–91.

Other Publications

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Rashômon and the Wicked Problem of Viewpoints.” Medium (2016):

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Real Time Feedback on the Impact of Our Actions: An Effective Reference.” Medium (2016):

Kloeckl, Kristian. “From Lamp-Hours to Smart Meters.” Information in Action (2016):

Kloeckl, Kristian. “Taming the Rising Dragons of Global Asia. The Many Global Paths to Accessing Asia.” EDB Singapore online (2011):

Ratti, Carlo, and Kloeckl, Kristian. “Rise of the Asian Megacity.” BBC online (2011):


Ratti, Carlo, Kristian Kloeckl, Vincenzo Manzoni, and Andrea Corti. 2012. System for Determining CO2 Emissions. US Patent 2012/0172017 A1, filed January 4,2012, and issued July 5,2012